Robotic assisted knee replacement surgery is an alternative to the conventional knee replacement procedure. It is performed using robotic-arm technology that allows the surgeon to precisely perform the surgery through a smaller incision as compared to traditional surgery. It is indicated for patients suffering from degenerative knee diseases such as osteoarthritis.
Total knee replacement, also called total knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure in which the worn out or damaged surfaces of the knee joint are removed and replaced with artificial parts.
If arthritis only affects one part of your knee, you may be suitable for a partial knee replacement (called a unicompartmental knee replacement). This procedure only replaces the part of the knee that is arthritic.
Although total knee replacement surgery is successful, sometimes the procedure can fail due to various reasons and may require a second revision surgery. Revision knee replacement surgery involves replacing part or all your previous knee prosthesis with a new prosthesis.
The anterior cruciate ligament is one of the major stabilising ligaments in the knee. If it is torn or ruptured, the knee may become permanenlty unstable, which can cause it to give way with twisting movements. To stabilise the knee, the ACL needs to be reconstructed.
The patella, or knee cap, usually sits in a groove at the end of the femur (thigh bone). In some people, patella can dislocate out of the groove. There can be ongoing instability of the knee cap with repeated full or partial dislocations. There are several treatment options with a high chance of stabilising the patella.
Recurrent dislocation of the patella can often be treated by MPFL reconstruction. In this operation, a new ligament is created that attaches the inner border of the patella to the inner side of the thigh bone. This prevents the patella from dislocating from the groove.
Trochleoplasty is another procedure performed for the treatment of recurrent patella dislocation. It is used for people who have trochlea dysplasia (an abnormally shaped groove on the lower end of the femur ). In this surgery, the groove is made deeper or reshaped.